“Hair is the crown you wear every day.” A quote we all have read time and again.


The quote reflects the importance of hair to us (Humans). Shouldn’t we pay importance to our strand’s well being? Shouldn’t we know their type and needs?


Read the article to know more about hair type and (general) how to care?


Hair Type

Hair type refers to a person’s hair shape. Hair has many types, including straight, wavy, coily and curly. Depending on a person’s hair type, they may need to adhere to different hair care instructions. 


Hair Anomaly: hair consists of the hair or hair shaft and the hair follicle.
The hair Shaft consists of different layers called the Cortex, the surrounding cells, and a central medulla in thicker hair.
Hair follicles are the root of the hair and determine the shape of the hair, which is a game of genetics. For example, S-shaped hair follicles will germinate curly hair.


What types of hair are there?

Hair shape is the degree of curliness of a human’s hair. Some hairstylists differentiate hair shapes into four categories. 


Hair density: the number of hairs that a person has on their head. The more hairs a person has, the higher that person’s hair density.


Hair structure

Hair structure: The thickness of the strands of hair. A person’s hair can be:


  1. fine
  2. medium
  3. coarse


As per the World Trichology Society, hair thickness varies depending on the person. Some people have finer hair than others. The hair fibres get shorter and finer as a person ages.



Hair porosity measures the amount of moisture that a person’s hair can absorb.


Hair porosity depends on how many gaps or tears are present in the cuticle layer. The cuticle is the outer layer of the hair, which protects it from wear and tear.
A finding in 2015 confirmed that human hair is naturally porous. However, hair that has sustained damage due to bleaching or chemical treatments is more porous than untreated hair.
People may find it helpful to avoid strong chemical and high heat treatments to let their hair recover.


Most common hair care tips:

As per the American Academy of Dermatology, the following are the most adaptive and effective hair care methods.


  • Shampoo Application: The go-to formula for a clean scalp is shampooing your hair when they get oily. However, the frequency of shampoo application depends on the type of hair and skin. People with oily skin and shampoo should ideally shampoo more often.


  • Condition: Using conditioner after shampoo is similar to inhaling and exhaling; Just as a breath can’t be complete without the two, conditioning after shampoo is important to hair’s life.


  • Drying your hair: wet hair is fragile and prone to break. Gently drying will secure hair’s integrity with the scalp. Gently wrap your hair in a towel and let it air dry, Or use a diffuser-attached blow-dryer on the lowest setting from a distance of 15 cm. Keep the dryer moving so heat is not concentrated on a single spot saving hair from excessive heat damage.


  • Brushing Hair: Damp hair is ideal for brushing. Use a wide-toothed comb, so your hair isn’t pulled tightly.


In addition:

People should try to limit the use of hair extensions. Instead, use lightweight hair extensions, as heavy weaves can pull your hair tightly, leading to hair loss or traction alopecia.


Keep away from chemical treatment: Fashion has built the need to keep hair in style. However, Frequent treatment is bad for hair health and can break easily. People should try to have one treatment at a time and allow a minimum of 2-3 months for your hair before a new touchup.


Care instructions for straight hair

How to care straight hair?

It’s been found that straight hair carries more sebum (an oily, waxy substance produced by your skin) more easily than curly hair.
People with straight hair will more likely get oily hair than people with other hair types. 
Therefore, straight hair people should avoid excessive use of hair styling products. They should limit using:
  • Any product prepared for dry hair
  • Coconut oil, Olive oil & Jojoba oil
  • Oil-based hairstyling products
  • Leave-on products ( Gel, spray, etc.)


Washing your hair more frequently should be a part of your hair care routine and must use a gentle care approach, including:


  • Application of gentle shampoos
  • Gentle rubbing while drying the hair with a towel
  • Combing the hair gently


How to care for curly hair?

Being Curly is the identity of your hair, don’t lose it. 

People with curly hair are prone to hair fall if they over-brush as it can damage the curl definition. Hence, they need to experiment with the right brushing technique for their hair.


Add-on care tips for curly hair:


  • Reduce shampoo usage (apply once a week)
  • Let hair dry naturally or use a diffuser if using a blow-dryer.
  • Avoid using dense combs and brushes
  • Avoid or reduce the usage of heat styling products.


People with curly strands can use hair mousses to give a hold to their unruly curls. 


How to care black coloured hair


Adopting the below-given tips can improve the life quality of your hair:
  • Wash your hair once a week max
  • Use a gentle shampoo to clean the scalp
  • Use conditioner after shampoo
  • Avoid super tight cornrows, weaves or braids
  • Hot oil treatment in every two weeks
  • Use of heat protecting products before heat styling
  • Ensure cleaning your hair before using a weave or extension.
  • Take professional help: Weave applications should be made only through a professional hairstylist.
  • Use moisturizers and water-based gels to protect hair edges


For those who want to keep a pony or bun to max their hairstyle up,
Tight hairstyles can lead to traction alopecia, resulting in hair loss.
Giving a loss to your hair after 2-3 months of wearing a weave is a safe way to protect your hair from strain & damage.

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